Teufen, Appenzell Ausserrhoden

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Teufen
Teufen.jpeg
Coat of arms of Teufen
Coat of arms
Location of Teufen
Teufen is located in Switzerland
Teufen
Teufen
Teufen is located in Canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden
Teufen
Teufen
Coordinates: 47°23′N 9°23′E / 47.383°N 9.383°E / 47.383; 9.383Coordinates: 47°23′N 9°23′E / 47.383°N 9.383°E / 47.383; 9.383
CountrySwitzerland
CantonAppenzell Ausserrhoden
Districtn.a.
Area
 • Total15.3 km2 (5.9 sq mi)
Elevation
837 m (2,746 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total6,265
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
9053
SFOS number3024
Surrounded byBühler, St. Gallen (SG), Schlatt-Haslen (AI), Speicher, Stein
Websitewww.teufen.ch
SFSO statistics

Teufen is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Countryside of Teufen
Aerial view from 400 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1923)

Teufen (Tiuffen) was first mentioned in 1272. By 1300 the place consisted of only five farms. In 1525 the assembly ruled that each parish could decide whether or not to remain Catholic. This led to the division of Appenzell in 1597.

In 1841 Teufen offered their new school building as a present to attract the government of the canton. The assembly refused the present.

Weaving was important in Teufen. Around 1820 a new loom was invented in Teufen, allowing embroidery in one go. This led to a boom in embroidery, particularly between 1880 and 1890.

Geography[edit]

Teufen has an area, as of 2006, of 15.3 km2 (5.9 sq mi). Of this area, 55.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 29.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 14% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

Demographics[edit]

Teufen has a population (as of 2008) of 5,766, of which about 10.0% are foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 6.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (93.4%), with Italian being second most common ( 1.3%) and Spanish being third ( 0.9%).[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Teufen is; 409 people or 7.4% of the population are between 0–6 years old. 586 people or 10.6% are 6-15, and 248 people or 4.5% are 16–19. Of the adult population, 247 people or 4.5% of the population are between 20–24 years old. 1,544 people or 27.9% are 25–44, and 1,430 people or 25.8% are 45–64. The senior population distribution is 751 people or 13.6% of the population are between 65–79 years old, and 320 people or 5.8% are over 80.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the FDP received 72.9% of the vote.[3]

In Teufen about 79.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Teufen has an unemployment rate of 1.27%. As of 2005, there were 136 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 66 businesses involved in this sector. 657 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 79 businesses in this sector. 1,463 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 266 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[5]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1980 5,027—    
1990 5,252+4.5%
2000 5,630+7.2%
2005 5,622−0.1%
2007 5,696+1.3%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Gmündertobel Bridge (shared with Stein, Appenzell), and the Wattbach Bridge (shared with Stein and St. Gallen) are listed as heritage sites of national significance.[6]

Weather[edit]

Teufen has an average of 154.2 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,552 mm (61.1 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is June during which time Teufen receives an average of 191 mm (7.5 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 15.1 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is May, with an average of 15.2, but with only 164 mm (6.5 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 88 mm (3.5 in) of precipitation over 15.1 days.[7]

Tritium[edit]

Teufen is home to RC Tritec, a company that provides Tritium and other radioactive isotopes to industry. Until 2008 they provided luminous Tritium compounds for the Swiss watch industry, but they have replaced radioactive Tritium with non-radioactive Super-LumiNova.[8] Tritium emissions are tested every week and monitored by the Federal Government. In 2010 the waste water radiation levels reached a high of 16 GBq, which is still below the 20 GBq limit, due to construction activities. The 2011 waste water readings are only 2GBq.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 17-Sep-2009
  4. ^ Brief Statistics for the half-canton Archived 2011-06-12 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 15 September 2009
  5. ^ a b c Appenzell Outer Rhodes website Archived 2009-09-13 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 15 September 2009
  6. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 17-Sep-2009
  7. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009., the weather station elevation is 835 meters above sea level.
  8. ^ "Luminous Pigments for the Watch Industry". RC Tritec. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  9. ^ Jahresberichte Umweltradioaktivität und Strahlendosen Archived 2011-04-11 at the Wayback Machine. See Jahresbericht 2011 (Alle Kapitel). BAG, Switzerland. Jahresbericht Umweltradioaktivität und Strahlendosen in der Schweiz 2011 Kap.9.

External links[edit]